Australian Government Websites Were Being Hijacked To Mine For Cryptocurrency

15 February, 2018, 01:19 | Author: Archie Newman
  • The code in purple is malicioius. Pic Scott Helme

Hijackers have targetted thousands of government websites, including NHS services, forcing users' computers to mine cryptocurrency while on the site.

"We are aware of the issue and are working to resolve it".

Over 4,200 websites are in the victims list [link], including The City University of NY, the U.S. court information portal (, Lund University, the privacy watchdog The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO), and several other government, health and educational websites across the world.

Scott Helme, a UK-based security researcher who discovered the malware, said government websites could have done more to prevent the attack.

The hijacking script uses Coinhive, a popular mining script itself is not meant to be malicious-at least according to its creators-but has gained a reputation for being used in these types of attacks, often referred to as cryptojacking.

Australian government websites using the same plugin were also compromised.

According to The Register, which first reported the story, the problems reportedly started just before midday yesterday when the malicious code was inserted by hackers into a popular website plugin called Browsealoud, made by British firm Texthelp.

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According to BBC News, the programme was used to mine for a cryptocurrency called monero - a bitcoin rival used for anonymous transactions.

"The affected services has been taken offline, largely mitigating the issue".

The plug-in had been tampered with to add a program, Coinhive, which "mines" for Monero by running processor-intensive calculations on visitors' computers.

While currency miners are more of a nuisance than a threat, simply drawing on users' processing power, Helme said the hackers could have implanted more unsafe code if they had chosen to do so. Organizations that want Browsealoud to work on their sites must add its code to their source code, and the hackers took advantage of that relationship to co-opt the computing power of visitors to those sites. It hides in a website's code and steals the processing power of its visitors' devices to mine cryptocurrency.

Websites affected included the Student Loans Company, Barnsley Hospital and other worldwide companies and sites. The technology is used by many websites, including those belonging to the US Courts, the General Medical Council, and some local councils. "This was a criminal act and a thorough investigation is now underway", he said.

"The company has examined the affected file thoroughly and can confirm that it did not redirect any data, it simply used the computers' CPUs to attempt to generate cryptocurrency", it said.

TextHelp, which runs the Browsealoud service, is believed to have enacted its cyber-attack action plan after the incident, and is now consulting with an independent agency about a review of its security.



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